SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Salonen A , Silvola J , Kokki H . Does 1 or 2 g paracetamol added to ketoprofen enhance analgesia in adult tonsillectomy patients? Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2009;53:12006.
  • 2
    Lahtinen P , Kokki H , Hendolin H , Hakala T , Hynynen M . Propacetamol as adjunctive treatment for postoperative pain after cardiac surgery. Anesth Analg 2002;95:8139.
  • 3
    Bisgaard T , Klarskov B , Rosenberg J , Kehlet H . Characteristics and prediction of early pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Pain 2001;90:2619.
  • 4
    Ekstein P , Szold A , Sagie B , Werbin N , Klausner JM , Weinbroum AA . Laparoscopic surgery may be associated with severe pain and high analgesia requirements in the immediate post-operative period. Ann Surg 2006;243:416.
  • 5
    Gourlay GK , Kowalski SR , Plummer JL , Cousins MJ , Armstrong PJ . Fentanyl blood concentration-analgesic response relationship in the treatment of postoperative pain. Anesth Analg 1988;67:32937.
  • 6
    Camu F , Vanlersberghe C . Pharmacology of systemic analgesics. Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol 2002;16:47588.
  • 7
    Kokki M , Broms S , Eskelinen M , Rasanen I , Ojanperä I , Kokki H . Analgesic concentrations of oxycodone - a prospective clinical pk/pd study in patients with laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol 2012;110:46975.
  • 8
    Sessler CN , Gosnell MS , Grap MJ , Brophy GM , O'Neal PV , Keane KA et al. The Richmond Agitation-Sedation Scale: validity and reliability in adult intensive care unit patients. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2002;166:133844.
  • 9
    Neuvonen M , Neuvonen PJ . Determination of oxycodone, noroxycodone, oxymorphone, and noroxymorphone in human plasma by liquid chromatography-electrospray-tandem mass spectrometry. Ther Drug Monit 2008;30:33340.
  • 10
    Kumpulainen E , Kokki H , Halonen T , Heikkinen M , Savolainen J , Laisalmi M . Paracetamol (acetaminophen) penetrates readily into the cerebrospinal fluid of children after intravenous administration. Pediatrics 2007;119:76671.
  • 11
    Piguet V , Desmeules J , Dayer P . Lack of acetaminophen ceiling effect on R-III nociceptive flexion reflex. Eur J Clin Pharmacol 1998;53:3214.
  • 12
    Salihoglu Z , Yildirim M , Demiroluk S , Kaya G , Karatas A , Ertem M et al. Evaluation of intravenous paracetamol administration on postoperative pain and recovery characteristics in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech 2009;19:3213.
  • 13
    Gaskell H , Derry S , Moore RA , McQuay HJ . Single dose oral oxycodone and oxycodone plus paracetamol (acetaminophen) for acute postoperative pain in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2009;8:CD002763.
  • 14
    Kemppainen T , Kokki H , Tuomilehto H , Seppä J , Nuutinen J . Acetaminophen is highly effective in pain treatment after endoscopic sinus surgery. Laryngoscope 2006;116:21258.