Effect of telephone follow-up on adherence to a diabetes therapeutic regimen
Article first published online: 5 JUL 2010
© 2010 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2010 Japan Academy of Nursing Science
Japan Journal of Nursing Science
Volume 7, Issue 2, pages 121–128, December 2010
How to Cite
NESARI, M., ZAKERIMOGHADAM, M., RAJAB, A., BASSAMPOUR, S. and FAGHIHZADEH, S. (2010), Effect of telephone follow-up on adherence to a diabetes therapeutic regimen. Japan Journal of Nursing Science, 7: 121–128. doi: 10.1111/j.1742-7924.2010.00146.x
- Issue published online: 23 NOV 2010
- Article first published online: 5 JUL 2010
- Received 14 March 2009; accepted 2 January 2010.
- telephone follow-up
Aim: To determine whether a nurse telephone follow-up service could improve the level of adherence to a diabetes therapeutic regimen for patients with type 2 diabetes.
Methods: A total of 61 patients attended a 3 day diabetes self-care program at the Iranian Diabetes Society. They were randomly assigned to one of the experimental or control groups. A telephone follow-up program was applied to the experimental group for 3 months, twice per week for the first month and weekly for the second and third months. The data-collection instruments included a data sheet to record the glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level and a questionnaire. The data were collected at baseline and after 12 weeks.
Results: There were significant differences between the control and the experimental groups in their adherence to a diabetic diet, exercise, foot care, blood glucose monitoring, and medication-taking. Also, the HbA1c levels differed significantly between the two groups after 3 months.
Conclusion: A nurse-led telephone follow-up was effective in enhancing the level of adherence to a diabetes therapeutic regimen, such that the HbA1c level decreased.