Effects of daily energy expenditure on academic performance of elementary students in Taiwan
Version of Record online: 14 OCT 2012
© 2012 The Authors. Japan Journal of Nursing Science © 2012 Japan Academy of Nursing Science
Japan Journal of Nursing Science
Volume 11, Issue 1, pages 1–9, January 2014
How to Cite
Wang, P.-S., Huang, Y.-C., Wu, S.-F. V. and Wang, K.-M. (2014), Effects of daily energy expenditure on academic performance of elementary students in Taiwan. Japan Journal of Nursing Science, 11: 1–9. doi: 10.1111/j.1742-7924.2012.00230.x
- Issue online: 26 JAN 2014
- Version of Record online: 14 OCT 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 25 JUL 2012
- Manuscript Received: 6 JUL 2011
- energy expenditure;
- physical activity;
- school nurse;
- weighted score
The objective of the study was to investigate the potential effects of daily energy expenditure on the academic performance (AP) of elementary schoolchildren, the results of which will be used as the basis of planning physical activity (PA) for children in the future.
Participants were collected from 4th to 6th grade children at an elementary school in southern Taiwan. The effective sample data size was 1065 (79.8%; 528 boys and 537 girls). Daily mean energy expenditure was obtained using the 3 Day Physical Activity Recall (3-DPAR), and the intensive activities degrees of physical activity were categorized into lowest PA, middle PA, and highest PA group, and academic performance assessed with weighted academic score.
The significant effect on the academic performance of schoolchildren was only in energy expenditure but not for sexes and tutorials attended. All students in the middle PA group performed better academically than those in the highest PA group. After controlling sexes, male students in the middle PA group performed better than other groups; female students in the lowest PA group performed better than other groups.
These results may be consulted by schools, academic faculties, and parents in setting up exercise plans for children.