Developmental correlates of emotional intelligence: Temperament, family environment and childhood trauma


Kathryn Jane Gardner, PhD, University of Central Lancashire, Psychology, Lancashire, Preston PR1 2HE, UK. Email:


This study examined temperament, environmental factors (family environment and childhood trauma), and the interaction between them as developmental correlates of ability and trait emotional intelligence (EI). Using 97 university students, correlational analyses revealed that temperament characteristics were related to trait but not ability EI. Components of family environment and childhood trauma were not significantly related to ability or trait EI. Multiple regression analyses confirmed the importance of temperament in predicting trait EI, but provided little support for the role of environmental factors or their interactions with temperament in predicting either type of EI.