Developmental trajectories of internalising behaviour in the prediction of adolescent depressive symptoms
Article first published online: 4 APR 2011
© 2011 The Australian Psychological Society
Australian Journal of Psychology
Volume 63, Issue 4, pages 214–223, December 2011
How to Cite
Toumbourou, J. W., Williams, I., Letcher, P., Sanson, A. and Smart, D. (2011), Developmental trajectories of internalising behaviour in the prediction of adolescent depressive symptoms. Australian Jnl of Psychology, 63: 214–223. doi: 10.1111/j.1742-9536.2011.00023.x
- Issue published online: 2 DEC 2011
- Article first published online: 4 APR 2011
- Received 1 February 2010. Accepted for publication 23 October 2010.
- adult development;
- child and adolescent psychopathology;
- clinical/counseling psychology;
- developmental processes
Using a community-based Australian birth cohort, groups with distinct longitudinal profiles (trajectories) of internalising behaviour from early childhood through mid-adolescence were identified for boys and girls from parent ratings. Six internalising trajectories were identified for both genders, comprising stable, decreasing, and increasing pathways. Hierarchical regression models predicted the contribution of internalising trajectories to self-reported age 17 depressive symptoms for males (n = 557) and females (n = 633), after controlling for the effects of a range of adolescent precursors. Internalising trajectories and adolescent psychosocial factors, each contributed to the prediction of subsequent depressive symptoms, with girls and boys on increasing internalising trajectories and boys on a fluctuating high trajectory particularly at risk. Results suggest that parent ratings can identify coherent internalising behaviour pathways that originate early in life and influence subsequent adjustment.