Personality, age, and fluid intelligence

Authors

  • Adrian Furnham,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Psychology, University College London, London, UK
      Adrian Furnham, D.Phil (Oxon) D.Sc (Lond) D.Litt (Natal), Department of Psychology, University College London, 26 Bedford Way London, London WC1 0AP, UK. Email: a.furnham@ucl.ac.uk
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  • Joanna Moutafi

    1. Department of Psychology, University College London, London, UK
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Adrian Furnham, D.Phil (Oxon) D.Sc (Lond) D.Litt (Natal), Department of Psychology, University College London, 26 Bedford Way London, London WC1 0AP, UK. Email: a.furnham@ucl.ac.uk

Abstract

A total of 383 participants (aged 19 to 66 years) completed the Raven's Progressive Matrices, the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), the Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation-Behavior (FIRO-B), and the California Psychological Inventory-434 (CPI-434). Results showed that IQ was positively correlated with perceiving (MBTI), control (FIRO-B), intellectual efficiency (CPI-434), achievement via independence (CPI-434), and negatively correlated with sensing (MBTI), internality (CPI-434) and norm-favouring (CPI-434), supporting the majority of the hypotheses.

Participants' age was correlated with many measures, particularly intelligence and accounted for a third of the variance in IQ scores. Limitations are considered.

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