The short-term impact of a problem-solving skills programme for Iranian parents
Article first published online: 6 JUL 2011
© 2011 The Australian Psychological Society
Volume 15, Issue 2, pages 85–89, July 2011
How to Cite
SHOKOOHI-YEKTA, M., HARNETT, P., PARAND, A. and SHAHAEIAN, A. (2011), The short-term impact of a problem-solving skills programme for Iranian parents. Clinical Psychologist, 15: 85–89. doi: 10.1111/j.1742-9552.2011.00027.x
- Issue published online: 6 JUL 2011
- Article first published online: 6 JUL 2011
- Received 10 November 2010; accepted 2 May 2011.
- parent education;
- parent–child relationship;
Background: The ability of children to solve problems is an important influence on the social-cognitive development of children. Parents and children who use problem-solving strategies display more positive parent-child relationships. It follows that parents will be more effective in promoting the children's development and healthy parent-child relationships if they are skilled in problem-solving strategies and encourage their children to use these strategies.
Aim: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the short-term efficacy of a problem-solving skills program for Iranian parents (the ‘Raising a Thinking Child’ program) on the parent-child relationship.
Materials and method: Sixty-four mothers of 4–8 year-old children participated voluntarily in 12 2-hour weekly workshops over a three month period. Parents were taught a procedure for problem-solving and provided with the opportunity to consider how the procedure could be applied in response to challenging behaviors of their children. The problem-solving strategies were taught as an alternative to ineffective approaches such as punishing and reprimanding.
Results: Results indicated that teaching problem-solving skills to parents had a positive influence on a number of dimensions of parenting as measured by the Parent Child Relationship Inventory.
Conclusion: Parents who attended the program felt more supported, more involved with their children and better able to balance limit setting and child autonomy.