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SPANISH LIBERTARIAN COLLECTIVES: A UNIQUE HISTORICAL CASE OF WORKER SELF MANAGEMENT

Authors


  • Anastasio Ovejero had studied psychology in Madrid (Universidad Complutense) and in Paris (Sorbonne), and wrote his doctoral thesis about “Personality Autoritarian” (1981). He taught psychology at the Spanish Universities of Salamanca (1978–1980), Oviedo (1980–2002) and Valladolid (2002). He was vice dean of the Faculty of Psychology in the University of Oviedo and chair of Department of Psychology in the University of Valladolid. He has focused his research in epistemology, historical social psychology, education, and social psychology of labor. Ovejero has published over 100 scientific papers in different reviews of Psychology in Spain and the U.S. and over twenty books on social psychology, social psychology of education, and negotiation.

Dr. Anastasio Ovejero, Department of Psychology, University of Valladolid, Faculty of Labor Sciences, 34004—Palencia, Spain. Telephone: +34-979-10-8436. Email: tasio@psi.uva.es.

Abstract

This article presents an analysis of the libertarian collectivizations created during the Spanish civil war (1936–1939). The examination of this historical experience is relevant to social psychology, industrial psychology, and political psychology. The structure, organization, and internal functioning of the collectivizations are described and an explanation is given to account why this collectivistic movement is widely ignored in the literature. Some possible implications of this anarchist experience both for the current organization of industry and society as well as for research on the individualism-collectivism dimension are suggested.

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