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Keywords:

  • Human Corpus Cavernosum;
  • NCX-911;
  • Sildenafil;
  • Erectile Dysfunction

ABSTRACT

Introduction.  In conditions with severe deficiency of endogenous nitric oxide (NO), such as long-term diabetes and cavernosal nerve injury, phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors have reduced efficacy in the treatment of erectile dysfunction. NO-releasing PDE5 inhibitors could be an alternative therapeutic approach in such cases.

Aim.  We therefore aimed to compare sildenafil and NO-releasing sildenafil (NCX-911) in relaxing human corpus cavernosum in the absence or presence of endogenous NO.

Methods.  The two compounds were compared in reducing the phenylephrine-induced tone of human corpus cavernosum in the presence or absence of an inhibitor of NO synthase (L-NAME; 500 µM) or an inhibitor of soluble guanylate cyclase (ODQ, 10 µM).

Results.  NCX-911 was as potent as sildenafil in control conditions (EC50 = 733.1 ± 94.4 nM and 800.7 ± 155.8 nM, respectively). The potency of NCX-911 was not altered but that of sildenafil decreased significantly in the presence of L-NAME (EC50 = 980.4 ± 106.7 nM and 2446.7 ± 256.8 nM, respectively; P < 0.001 for sildenafil vs. control). Both compounds below 1 µM failed to induce relaxation in the presence of ODQ (EC50 = 6578 ± 1150 nM and 6488 ± 938 nM for NCX-911 and sildenafil, respectively).

Conclusion.  These results show that the potency of NCX-911 was maintained unlike sildenafil in the absence of endogenous NO confirming the potential use of NO-releasing PDE5 inhibitors in NO-deficient conditions.