Crural Tunica Albuginea Autograft for Corporoplasty: An Experimental Animal Study of Hemodynamic, Histopathological, and Molecular Effects in the Long Term

Authors

  • Raouf M. Seyam MD,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Urology, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre Riyadh, Saudi Arabia;
    2. Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt;
      Raouf M. Seyam, MD, MBC #83 PO Box 3354, Riyadh 11211, Saudi Arabia. Tel: 966 1 4424302; Fax: 966 1 4424301; E-mail: rmseyam@yahoo.com
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  • Alaa A. Mokhtar MD,

    1. Department of Urology, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre Riyadh, Saudi Arabia;
    2. Urology and Nephrology Centre, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt;
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  • Muhammad A. Chishti PhD, DVM,

    1. Department of Comparative Medicine, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre Riyadh, Saudi Arabia;
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  • Maqbool Ahmed PhD,

    1. Department of Comparative Medicine, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre Riyadh, Saudi Arabia;
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  • Walid A. Mourad MD, FCAP, FRCPC,

    1. Department of Pathology, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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  • Raafat El-Sayed DVM,

    1. Department of Comparative Medicine, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre Riyadh, Saudi Arabia;
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  • Kamal A. Hanash MD

    1. Department of Urology, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre Riyadh, Saudi Arabia;
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Raouf M. Seyam, MD, MBC #83 PO Box 3354, Riyadh 11211, Saudi Arabia. Tel: 966 1 4424302; Fax: 966 1 4424301; E-mail: rmseyam@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT

Introduction.  Correction of penile deformity caused by Peyronie's disease by a variety of grafts varies in success. A long-term follow-up shows a significant number of graft scarring and erectile dysfunction. The clinical success of autologous crural tunica albuginea graft (TAG) has not resulted in wide application.

Aim.  To identify in healthy baboons the limitations and merits of autologous crural TAG over 1 year in a way difficult to pursue in humans.

Methods.  Under general anesthesia, eight sexually active adult baboons underwent pharmacological cavernosometry (CM) and cavernosography. TAG from crus was implanted in the distal penile shaft. After 6 months, six animals were reevaluated and two were sacrificed, and the penises were excised. After 1 year, the remaining six animals were evaluated and sacrificed. The TAG and underlying corpus cavernosum (CC) were examined histologically and by Western blot analysis for nitric oxide synthase (NOS), neuronal (nNOS), endothelial (eNOS) and inducible (iNOS) isoforms, and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1).

Main Outcome Measures.  Sexual activity, CM, cavernosography, histopathology, and Western blot analysis.

Results.  All animals resumed normal sexual activity 1 month postsurgery. Cavernous pressure was comparable before, at 6 months, and 1 year after surgery. A cavernovenous insufficiency developed in four animals at 6 months, and ceased in two at 1 year. Penile angulation (<20°) was seen in three animals at 6 months, and an additional two at 1 year. Histologically, TAG was indistinguishable from the adjacent tunica with no fibrosis. In CC, iNOS and nNOS decreased at 1 year, whereas there was no change in TGF-β1 levels. In TAG, there was no significant change in TGF-β1 and eNOS levels, but there was a significant decrease in iNOS at 1 year.

Conclusion.  Autologous free TAG is associated with normal sexual activity, minimal hemodynamic changes, excellent histological outcome, and no rise in iNOS or TGF-β1. However, cavernovenous insufficiency, mild penile angulation, and decreased nNOS persisted at 1 year. Seyam RM, Mokhtar AA, Chishti MA, Ahmed M, Mourad WA, El-Sayed R, and Hanash KA. Crural tunica albuginea autograft for corporoplasty: An experimental animal study of hemodynamic, histopathological, and molecular effects in the long term. J Sex Med 2007;4;1277–1290.

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