Female Sexual Dysfunction in Urogenital Prolapse Surgery: Colposacropexy vs. Hysterocolposacropexy


Alessandro Zucchi, MD, Urology and Andrology Department, University of Perugia, 06100 Perugia, Italy. Tel: 00390755783979; Fax: 00390755726123; E-mail: azucchi@unipg.it


Introduction.  Colposacropexy (CSP), with or without hysterectomy, is a valid technique for the repair of severe urogenital prolapse. For many years, uterine prolapse has represented an indication for hysterectomy, apart from the presence or absence of uterine disease and the patient's desires. Nevertheless, sparing the uterus is essential to women not only to have normal sexual functioning but to maintain physical and anatomical integrity as well.

Aim.  To assess sexual function in a group of patients who underwent CSP or hysterocolposacropexy (HSP).

Materials and Methods.  We enrolled 37 patients who underwent surgery for urogenital prolapse (15 HSP, mean age 53 years; 22 CSP, mean age 56 years). Based on a preliminary sexual history and sexual questionnaire, all patients were sexually active before surgery. At a mean follow-up of 39 months, we reassessed the patients using the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI).

Main Outcome Measure.  We considered sexual activity with a score of 30 = good, 23–29 = intermediate, and <23 = poor.

Results.  In patients who underwent CSP and HSP, sexual activity was good in 13% and 26%, intermediate in 33% and 21%, and poor in 54% and 53%, respectively; considering also five patients who no longer had sexual activity postoperatively. Nevertheless, the statistical analysis, performed based on the data obtained from the FSFI questionnaire, showed that there were no significant differences between the two groups of points in terms of total score—CSP 21.1 (1.2–33.5) vs. HSP 22.8 (3.6–34.5)—and single domains (desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction, and pain) (P = not significant).

Conclusions.  Our data demonstrated no substantial differences regarding sexual activity in patients in which the uterus has been spared as opposed to those in whom it has been removed. Furthermore, in a small percentage of cases, surgery actually reduced regular sexual activity. Zucchi A, Costantini E, Mearini L, Fioretti F, Bini V, and Porena M. Female sexual dysfunction in urogenital prolapse surgery: Colposacropexy vs. hysterocolposacropexy. J Sex Med 2008;5:139–145.