Clinical and Psychosocial Factors Associated with Quality of Life in Alcohol-Dependent Men with Erectile Dysfunction
Version of Record online: 28 JUN 2008
© 2008 International Society for Sexual Medicine
The Journal of Sexual Medicine
Volume 5, Issue 10, pages 2347–2358, October 2008
How to Cite
Ponizovsky, A. M. (2008), Clinical and Psychosocial Factors Associated with Quality of Life in Alcohol-Dependent Men with Erectile Dysfunction. Journal of Sexual Medicine, 5: 2347–2358. doi: 10.1111/j.1743-6109.2008.00882.x
- Issue online: 1 OCT 2008
- Version of Record online: 28 JUN 2008
- Alcohol Dependence;
- Erectile Dysfunction;
- Quality of Life;
- Emotional Distress;
- Social Support
Introduction. Men with alcohol dependence (AD) commonly suffer from alcohol-induced sexual (erectile) dysfunction (ED) and have poor quality of life (Qol). Knowledge about the factors associated with Qol in such patients is lacking.
Aim. To identify in men who sought medical help for both AD and ED the variables that best predicted feelings of satisfaction with life and with specific life domains.
Main Outcome Measures. The Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire (Q-LES-Q). Secondary study measures were the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-13), General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), Rosenberg's General Self-Esteem Scale (RGSES), and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS).
Methods. Within an open-label sildenafil trial, 101 men aged 18–50 years with an International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Edition diagnosis of AD and concomitant ED were interviewed and completed the questionnaires. Multivariate analyses were applied to establish predictors of life satisfaction and factors mediating the relation between ED and life satisfaction.
Results. ED and self-rated depressive symptoms, emotional distress, self-esteem, and perceived social support were found to be significantly associated with Qol and its component domains. Altogether they explained 18–38% of the variance in the Qol ratings. Depressive symptomatology, distress, and self-esteem, individually, demonstrated a mediating effect on the relation between ED and Qol. Finally, self-esteem was shown to be the primary mediator in this relationship.
Conclusions. The results of the study show that self-esteem is the primary factor, and depressive symptoms and severe emotional distress are secondary factors mediating the effects of ED on Qol in male patients seeking medical help for both AD and ED. An integrated pharmacopsychosocial approach targeting the underlying ED as well as the mediating emotional conditions could improve Qol of these patients and thus help them to stop using alcohol. Ponizovsky AM. Clinical and psychosocial factors associated with quality of life in alcohol-dependent men with erectile dysfunction. J Sex Med 2008;5:2347–2358.