Overactive Bladder Is Associated with Erectile Dysfunction and Reduced Sexual Quality of Life in Men

Authors


Debra E. Irwin, MSPH, PhD, Department of Epidemiology, CB #8165, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. Tel: 919-357-5379; Fax: 919-966-2089; E-mail: dirwin@email.unc.edu

ABSTRACT

Introduction.  The prevalence of sexual dysfunction, including erectile dysfunction (ED), is greater in men with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), including overactive bladder (OAB), than in men without LUTS.

Aim.  To evaluate the prevalence of ED, the impact of urinary symptoms on sexual activity and sexual enjoyment, and sexual satisfaction in men with OAB.

Methods.  A nested case-control analysis was performed on data from a subset of men with (cases) and without (controls) OAB frequency-matched for age (5-year age strata) and country from the EPIC study. Respondents were asked about OAB symptoms (using the 2002 International Continence Society [ICS] definitions) and sexual activity. Sexually active respondents were asked about ED, sexual enjoyment, and overall satisfaction with their sex lives. Conditional logistic regression was used to assess factors associated with ED.

Main Outcome Measures.  The percentage of cases and controls reporting ED, a reduction in the frequency of sexual activity or enjoyment of sexual activity because of urinary symptoms, and overall satisfaction with their sex lives was determined for cases and controls.

Results.  A total of 502 cases and 502 controls were matched for age strata and country. Significantly more cases (14%) reported reduced sexual activity because of urinary symptoms compared with controls (4%; P ≤ 0.05). Among sexually active respondents, cases were significantly more likely to have ED than were controls (prevalence odds ratio, 1.5; 95% confidence interval, 1.1–2.2); the prevalence of ED was similar to that for men with hypertension or diabetes. Significantly more cases (15%) reported decreased enjoyment of sexual activity because of urinary symptoms relative to controls (2%; P ≤ 0.05), and significantly fewer cases were satisfied with their sex lives (81% vs. 90%; P ≤ 0.05).

Conclusions.  OAB, as defined by the ICS, was significantly associated with increased prevalence of ED, reduced sexual activity and sexual enjoyment because of urinary symptoms, and reduced sexual satisfaction. Irwin DE, Milson I, Reilly K, Hunskaar S, Kopp Z, Herschorn S, Coyne KS, Kelleher CJ, Artibani W, and Abrams P. Overactive bladder is associated with erectile dysfunction and reduced sexual quality of life in men. J Sex Med **;**:**–**.

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