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Sexual Function and Tunica Albuginea Wound Healing Following Penile Fracture: An 18-year Follow-Up Study of 352 Patients from Kermanshah, Iran


Javaad Zargooshi, MD, Department of Urology, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Rhazes Boulevard, Kermanshah, 67145 Iran. Tel: +98 831 7230809; Fax: +98 831 8357778; E-mail:


Introduction.  We present a study on the experiences of penile fracture in an Iranian population.

Aim.  To determine the long-term outcome of penile fracture.

Methods.  Between April 1990 and May 2008, 373 patients presented with clinical features suggestive of penile fracture. Of these, 11 declined surgery. The remaining 362 were operated upon using a degloving incision. Ten patients had venous injury and 352 had penile fracture. At follow-up visits, in addition to answering our questionnaire, the patients completed the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF), Erection Hardness Grading Scale (EHGS), and global self-assessment of potency (GSAP). To enhance documentation and to promote transparency, with the patients' permission, their full name and hospital chart number was sent to the journal.

Main Outcome Measures.  Clinical findings and IIEF and EHGS scores.

Results.  Mean patients' age was 29.6 years. Mean duration of follow-up was 93.6 months. Diagnosis was solely clinical. At presentation, 278 (78.9%) reported no pain. Cavernosography, ultrasonography, or magnetic resonance imaging was not used in any of the patients. Penile fracture was due to taqaandan in 269 patients (76.4%). Patients were treated with surgical exploration and repair within 24 hours of admission, regardless of delay in presentation. A nodule was found at follow-up in 330 patients (93.7%). The painless, mostly proximal nodule was palpated at the floor of the corpora cavernosa, in a deep midline position above the corpus spongiosum. The non-expansive nodule was not associated with erectile dysfunction (ED) or Peyronie's disease. Postoperative complications included mild penile pain in cold weather (two patients), transient wound edema (one patient), mild chordee (four patients), and occasional instability of the erect penis (one patient).

Postoperatively, of the 217 patients who had partners, 214 (98.6%) were potent. Mean IIEF ED domain score was 29.8 ± 1.1. The EHGS score was 4 in 203 and 3 in 11. The GSAP score was 0 in 204, 1 in 8, and 2 in 2. ED in the remaining three could not be explained by penile fracture. Of 10 nonoperated patients, eight (80%) developed ED.

Conclusion.  Pain is rare in penile fracture. Postoperatively, almost all patients develop a permanent, inconsequential, fibrotic nodule. Our time-tested approach provided excellent long-term sexual function. Zargooshi J. Sexual function and tunica albuginea wound healing following penile fracture: An 18-year follow-up study of 352 patients from Kermanshah, Iran. J Sex Med **;**:**–**.