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Recurrent Postcoital Hematuria. A Case of Fibroepithelial Urethral Polyp in an Adult Female


Cesare Battaglia, MD, PhD, Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Bologna, Via Massarenti, 13-40138 Bologna, Bologna 40138, Italy. Tel: 39-051-6364377; Fax: 39-051-6364377; E-mail:


Introduction.  In males, an isolated gross postcoital hematuria is a very rare clinical phenomenon. No cases of postcoital macroscopic hematuria have been previously reported in females.

Aim.  To report a case of female urethral fibroepithelial polyp (FEP) associated with recurrent postcoital hematuria.

Methods.  A young (31 years old), eumenorrheic woman complained of three episodes of postcoital macrohematuria. The patient was assessed with a detailed history, with a bimanual pelvic examination and with bidimensional and tridimensional ultrasonographic and color Doppler analyses of the internal genitalia and of the urethrovaginal space.

Main Outcomes Measures.  Transvaginal two-dimensional (2-D) ultrasonographic evaluation of internal genitalia, bladder and urethra and three-dimensional (3-D) analysis of the urethra and paraurethral structures.

Results.  The 2-D transvaginal evaluation and the 3-D reconstruction showed a polypoid hypervascularized structure arising from the anterior urethral wall. A cystourethroscopy confirmed the presence of a FEP arising from the anterior wall of the urethra and allowed its removal.

Conclusions.  A gross postcoital hematuria may be associated with a urethral polyp. The ultrasonographic evaluation of the urethrovaginal space can facilitate the diagnosis. Battaglia C, Battaglia B, Ramacieri A, Paradisi R, and Venturoli S. Recurrent postcoital hematuria. A case of fibroepithelial urethral polyp in an adult female. J Sex Med 2011;8:612–616.