Introduction. In males, an isolated gross postcoital hematuria is a very rare clinical phenomenon. No cases of postcoital macroscopic hematuria have been previously reported in females.
Aim. To report a case of female urethral fibroepithelial polyp (FEP) associated with recurrent postcoital hematuria.
Methods. A young (31 years old), eumenorrheic woman complained of three episodes of postcoital macrohematuria. The patient was assessed with a detailed history, with a bimanual pelvic examination and with bidimensional and tridimensional ultrasonographic and color Doppler analyses of the internal genitalia and of the urethrovaginal space.
Main Outcomes Measures. Transvaginal two-dimensional (2-D) ultrasonographic evaluation of internal genitalia, bladder and urethra and three-dimensional (3-D) analysis of the urethra and paraurethral structures.
Results. The 2-D transvaginal evaluation and the 3-D reconstruction showed a polypoid hypervascularized structure arising from the anterior urethral wall. A cystourethroscopy confirmed the presence of a FEP arising from the anterior wall of the urethra and allowed its removal.
Conclusions. A gross postcoital hematuria may be associated with a urethral polyp. The ultrasonographic evaluation of the urethrovaginal space can facilitate the diagnosis. Battaglia C, Battaglia B, Ramacieri A, Paradisi R, and Venturoli S. Recurrent postcoital hematuria. A case of fibroepithelial urethral polyp in an adult female. J Sex Med 2011;8:612–616.