An Outcomes Analysis of over 200 Revision Surgeries for Penile Prosthesis Implantation: A Multicenter Study
Article first published online: 14 NOV 2011
© 2011 International Society for Sexual Medicine
The Journal of Sexual Medicine
Volume 9, Issue 1, pages 309–315, January 2012
How to Cite
Henry, G. D., Donatucci, C. F., Conners, W., Greenfield, J. M., Carson, C. C., Wilson, S. K., Delk, J., Lentz, A. C., Cleves, M. A., Jennermann, C. J. and Kramer, A. C. (2012), An Outcomes Analysis of over 200 Revision Surgeries for Penile Prosthesis Implantation: A Multicenter Study. Journal of Sexual Medicine, 9: 309–315. doi: 10.1111/j.1743-6109.2011.02524.x
- Issue published online: 4 JAN 2012
- Article first published online: 14 NOV 2011
Introduction. Inflatable penile prosthesis (IPP) implantation is a well-established treatment for medically refractory erectile dysfunction, with long-term reliability. Overall survival is 96% at 5 years and 60% at 15 years for primary (virgin) implantation.
Aim. The aim of this study was to explore factors associated with success and complications of IPP revision surgery in a multicenter study.
Main Outcome Measures. Reasons for revision including mechanical issues, patient dissatisfaction, corporal deformity, and supersonic transport (SST) deformity were recorded.
Methods. At four institutions, 214 clinically uninfected IPP revisions were performed between November 2000 and November 2007. Data were incomplete for 28 cases (14%). Failure-free survival was estimated using Kaplan–Meier's Meier product limit method.
Results. The majority of revisions were secondary to mechanical failure (N = 109; 65%) and combined erosion or infection (N = 17 + 15 = 32; 19%). Sixteen percent (N = 26) were carried out on functional uninfected prostheses secondary to patient dissatisfaction (N = 9), SST deformity (N = 10), scrotal hematoma (N = 2), or upsize revision because of corporal fibrosis (N = 5). Average age at revision was 66 years. Mean follow-up time was 55.7 months. In this study, 12 individuals required a secondary revision procedure or suffered a complication. Despite prior reports of high infection rates with revision surgery, only 5.7% of clinically uninfected and noneroded prostheses were complicated by infection or impending extrusion/erosion, following a revision washout protocol. Overall, 93% of cases were successfully revised, providing functioning IPPs.
Conclusions. For this study population, component exchange followed by revision washout showed a low incidence of infection and subsequent mechanical failure. Henry GD, Donatucci CF, Conners W, Greenfield JM, Carson CC, Wilson SK, Delk J, Lentz AC, Cleves MA, Jennermann CJ, and Kramer AC. An outcomes analysis of over 200 revision surgeries for penile prosthesis implantation: A multicenter study. J Sex Med 2012;9:309–315.