Penile Arterial Waveform Analyzing System for Early Identification of Young Adults with High Risk of Erectile Dysfunction

Authors

  • Hsien-Tsai Wu PhD,

    1. Department of Electrical Engineering, National Dong Hwa University, Hualien, Taiwan
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  • Chun-Ho Lee MS,

    1. Department of Electrical Engineering, National Dong Hwa University, Hualien, Taiwan
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  • Chin-Jung Chen MD, MS,

    1. Department of Urology, Hualien Hospital, Department of Health, Executive Yuan, Hualien, Taiwan
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    • This author contributed equally as the corresponding author to this work.

  • Cheuk-Kwan Sun MD, PhD

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Emergency Medicine, E-Da Hospital, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
      Cheuk-Kwan Sun, MD, PhD, Department of Emergency Medicine, E-Da Hospital, I-Shou University, No.1, Yida Road, Jiaosu Village, Yanchao District, Kaohsiung City 82445, Taiwan. Tel: (886) 7-615-0011; Fax: (886) 7-615-0915; E-mail: lawrence.c.k.sun@gmail.com
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  • Financial support: National Science Council under Grants NSC 98-2221-E-259-017 and NSC 99-2221-E-259-001, Taiwan.

Cheuk-Kwan Sun, MD, PhD, Department of Emergency Medicine, E-Da Hospital, I-Shou University, No.1, Yida Road, Jiaosu Village, Yanchao District, Kaohsiung City 82445, Taiwan. Tel: (886) 7-615-0011; Fax: (886) 7-615-0915; E-mail: lawrence.c.k.sun@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

Introduction.  High prevalence of erectile dysfunction in young adults has raised much concern regarding early identification of risk factors for timely intervention.

Aim.  This study aimed at identifying young males at risk through a novel penile arterial waveform analyzing system.

Methods.  Between July 2009 and December 2010, 30 young adult volunteers of age 18 to 29 without known history of vascular diseases or erectile dysfunction were recruited.

Main Outcome Measures.  Basic demographic and anthropometric characteristics (i.e., age, body weight, body height, body mass index, waist circumference) were recorded. Blood samples were obtained for determining levels of testosterone, glycosylated hemoglobin, triglyceride, fasting sugar, low- and high-density lipoproteins (HDL). Data obtained from visual sexual stimulation (VSS) RigiScan and the penile arterial waveform amplitude (PAWA) ratios were compared in terms of their correlations with anthropometric and serum biochemical parameters using Pearson's correlation analysis.

Results.  PAWA ratios were found to correlate with Rigidity (tip and base) (r = 0.425, P = 0.019 and r = 0.664, P < 0.001, respectively). Significant associations of PAWA ratios were noted not only with serum testosterone level but also with risk factors for metabolic and cardiovascular diseases including total triglyceride, HDL, age, waist circumference, body mass index, and diastolic blood pressure. However, VSS RigiScan failed in identifying significant correlations with HDL, age, and diastolic blood pressure.

Conclusions.  Not only could the penile waveform analyzing system assess penile endothelial function in young adults, but the results also showed significant associations with their serum testosterone levels and metabolic parameters. The findings suggest that PAWA ratio may serve as an indicator for early identification and treatment of young adults at risk of erectile dysfunction. Wu H-T, Lee C-H, Chen C-J, and Sun C-K. Penile arterial waveform analyzing system for early identification of young adults with high risk of erectile dysfunction. J Sex Med 12;9:1094–1105.

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