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Circulating Soluble Lectin-Like Oxidized Low-Density Lipoprotein Receptor-1 Levels Are Associated With Erectile Dysfunction in Patients Without Known Coronary Artery Disease

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ABSTRACT

Aim.  Endothelial dysfunction and microvascular damage are involved in the pathogenesis of erectile dysfunction (ED). Soluble lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (sLOX-1) is identified endothelial receptor for oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) that plays a pivotal role in ox-LDL-induced endothelial dysfunction. The purpose of the current study was to determine the association between sLOX-1 and ED in patients without known coronary artery disease (CAD).

Main Outcome Measures.  Diagnosis of ED was based on the International Index of Erectile Function Score-5. Levels of sLOX-1 were measured in serum by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.

Methods.  One hundred thirty-eight subjects with ED patients without known CAD (ED group) and 75 age-matched subjects without ED and known CAD (Non-ED Group) were included in this study.

Results.  Plasma levels of sLOX-1 were significantly higher in ED than in Non-ED group (95 ± 87 and 49 ± 30 pg/mL, respectively, P < 0.001). The levels of sLOX-1 highly negative correlated with score of ED (r = −0.618, P < 0.001). The sLOX-1 levels >75 pg/mL predicts ED with 26.8% sensitivity and 96.0% specificity on receiver operator characteristic analysis.

Conclusions.  Our study demonstrated that serum sLOX-1 levels were associated with endothelial dysfunction that predicts ED. Moreover, the current study revealed that there was strong negative correlation between the levels of circulating sLOX-1 and score of ED. This study suggested sLOX-1 may be involved in the pathogenesis of ED in patients without known CAD. Kobat MA, Fırdolas F, Balin M, Çelik A, Bentli R, and Baydas A. Circulating soluble lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 levels are associated with erectile dysfunction in patients without known coronary artery disease. J Sex Med 2013;10:2782–2789.

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