Introduction. Radical cystectomy with urinary diversion is the treatment of choice for muscle-invasive, and certain populations with non-invasive, urothelial carcinoma of the bladder. There have not been any reports to date on patients undergoing this surgery who have had previous placement of an inflatable penile prosthesis.
Aim. To present the outcomes of four patients with pre-existing inflatable penile prostheses (IPP) with reservoirs within the space of Retzius who were subsequently treated with radical cystectomy for bladder cancer management.
Methods. After obtaining institutional review board approval, the demographic, clinical, and pathologic data were reviewed in the Johns Hopkins Cystectomy Database for patients who underwent radical cystectomy for bladder cancer from 1994 to 2012. A case series of four patients is presented who had a preexisting IPP and their post-operative course and long-term outcomes are reviewed.
Results. All four patients had radical cystectomy and ileal conduit urinary diversion with no intra-operative or post-operative complications. One patient was not sexually active and therefore had the reservoir explanted and not replaced. The other three patients had the reservoir removed prior to bladder extirpation and the tubing capped, with reservoir replacement in the pseudocapsule at the termination of the procedure. In one patient an omental flap was used to ensure separation between the reservoir and ileal conduit. The devices were all functional intra-operatively and on follow-up.
Conclusions. As erectile dysfunction is more commonly being diagnosed and treated with IPP insertion at younger ages, surgeons will increasingly encounter pre-placed abdominal reservoirs when performing pelvic surgery. This case series of four patients undergoing radical cystectomy with prior-placed IPPs reveals that the functionality of the IPP can be preserved while still performing oncologically sound extirpative procedures. Segal RL, Readal N, Pieororazio PM, Kutlu O, Schoenberg M, and Bivalacqua TJ. Radical cystectomy in patients with preexisting three-piece inflatable penile prosthesis. J Sex Med **;**:**–**.