Conflict of interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.
Lung cancer stem cells: Tumor biology and clinical implications
Article first published online: 21 MAY 2012
© 2012 Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd
Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
Volume 8, Issue 3, pages 217–222, September 2012
How to Cite
NURWIDYA, F., MURAKAMI, A., TAKAHASHI, F. and TAKAHASHI, K. (2012), Lung cancer stem cells: Tumor biology and clinical implications. Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology, 8: 217–222. doi: 10.1111/j.1743-7563.2012.01550.x
- Issue published online: 22 AUG 2012
- Article first published online: 21 MAY 2012
- Accepted for publication 23 March 2012.
- clinical implication;
- lung cancer stem cells;
- tumor biology
The concept of cancer stem cells (CSC) has drawn great attention from researchers in both molecular and clinical fields as has brought a new perspective to the way we manage cancer. CSC have several characteristics that are shared by the properties of normal stem cells, such as differentiation, self-renewal and homeostatic control. However, CSC have the capacity to both divide and expand the CSC pool and to differentiate into heterogeneous non-tumorigenic cancer cells. Even more, CSC have an inherent high resistance to chemotherapeutic agents that leads to recurrence and poor long-term survival, especially in lung cancer patients. CSC-targeting agents are now undergoing in vitro and in vivo studies, some of which have provided promising results for further clinical studies setting. In this article we review the concept of CSC from the perspective of tumor biology, including the origin of CSC and its biomarkers. As lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide, we focus on the properties and clinical implications of lung CSC.