1. References
  2. Studies excluded from the review and reasons for exclusion
  • 1
    Duffield C, Kearin M, Johnston J, Leonard J. The impact of hospital structure and restructuring on the nursing workforce. Aust J Adv Nurs 2007; 24: 426.
  • 2
    Australian Government PC. Australia's health workforce research report. 2006.
  • 3
    Duffield C, Roche M, O'Brien-Pallas L et al. Glueing it together: nurses, their work environment and patient safety. 2007.
  • 4
    Chiarella M, Thoms D, Lau C, McInnes E. An overview of the competency movement in nursing and midwifery. Collegian 2008; 15: 4553.
  • 5
    Cioffi J, Ferguson Am L. Team nursing in acute care settings: nurses' experiences. Contemp Nurse 2009; 33: 212.
  • 6
    Garon M, Urden L, Stacy KM. Staff nurses' experiences of a change in the care delivery model: a qualitative analysis. Dimens Crit Care Nurs 2009; 28: 308.
  • 7
    Morris M, Caldwell B, Mencher KJ et al. Nurse-directed care model in a psychiatric hospital: a model for clinical accountability. Clin Nurse Spec 2010; 24: 15460.
  • 8
    Tran DT, Johnson M, Fernandez R, Jones S. A shared care model vs. a patient allocation model of nursing care delivery: comparing nursing staff satisfaction and stress outcomes. Int J Nurs Pract 2010; 16: 14858.
  • 9
    Walker K. Project possibility: a model of care and the politics of change. Contemp Nurse 2002; 14: 8694.
  • 10
    Walker K, Donoghue J, Mitten-Lewis S, Walker K, Donoghue J, Mitten-Lewis S. Measuring the impact of a team model of nursing practice using work sampling. Aust Health Rev 2007; 31: 98107.
  • 11
    Fernandez R, Tran DT, Johnson M, Jones S. Interdisciplinary communication in general medical and surgical wards using two different models of nursing care delivery. J Nurs Manag 2010; 18: 26574.
  • 12
    Glandon GL, Colbert KW, Thomasma M. Nursing delivery models and RN mix: cost implications. Nurs Manage 1989; 20: 303.
  • 13
    Manthey M. Practice partnerships: the newest concept in care delivery. J Nurs Adm 1989; 19: 335.
  • 14
    Needleman J, Buerhaus P. Nurse staffing and patient safety: current knowledge and implications for action. Int J Qual Health Care 2003; 15: 2757.
  • 15
    Needleman J, Buerhaus P, Pankratz VS, Leibson CL, Stevens SR, Harris M. Nurse staffing and inpatient hospital mortality. N Engl J Med 2011; 364: 103745.
  • 16
    Clarke SP, Donaldson NE. Nurse staffing and patient care quality and safety. In: Hughes RG, ed. Patient Safety and Quality: An Evidence-Based Handbook for Nurses. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US), 2008; Chapter 25. Available from:
  • 17
    NSW Department of Health. First Report on the Models of Care Project. Sydney: NSW Department of Health, 2006.
  • 18
    Castledine G. More thought should be given to the team approach. Br J Nurs 2005; 14: 298.
  • 19
    Garling P. Final Report of the Special Commission of Inquiry into Acute Care Services in NSW Public Hospitals. Sydney: Department of Attorney General and Justice, 2008.
  • 20
    Sutton A, Abrams K, Jones D, Sheldon T, Song F. Systematic reviews of trials and other studies. Health Technol Assess 1998; 2: 1276.
  • 21
    Boumans NP, Landeweerd JA, Visser M, Boumans NPG, Landeweerd JA, Visser M. Differentiated practice, patient-oriented care and quality of work in a hospital in the Netherlands. Scand J Caring Sci 2004; 18: 3748.
  • 22
    Gill P, Ryan J, Morgan O, Williams A. Team nursing and ITU – a good combination? Intensive Crit Care Nurs 2000; 16: 24355.
  • 23
    Tourangeau AE, White P, Scott J, McAllister M, Giles L. Evaluation of a partnership model of care delivery involving registered nurses and unlicensed assistive personnel. Can J Nurs Leadersh 1999; 12: 420.
  • 24
    Barkell NP, Killinger KA, Schultz SD. The relationship between nurse staffing models and patient outcomes: a descriptive study. Outcomes Manag 2002; 6: 2733.
  • 25
    Malkin KF. Primary nursing: job satisfaction and staff retention. J Nurs Manag 1993; 1: 11924.
  • 26
    McPhail A, Pikula H, Roberts J, Browne G, Harper D. Primary nursing: a randomized crossover trial. West J Nurs Res 1990; 12: 18897.
  • 27
    Fowler J, Hardy J, Howarth T. Trialing collaborative nursing models of care: the impact of change. Aust J Adv Nurs 2006; 23: 406.
  • 28
    Seago JA. Evaluation of a hospital work redesign: patient-focused care. J Nurs Adm 1999; 29: 318.
  • 29
    Sjetne IS, Veenstra M, Ellefsen B, Stavem K. Service quality in hospital wards with different nursing organization: nurses' ratings. J Adv Nurs 2009; 65: 32536.
  • 30
    Kangas S, Kee CC, McKee-Waddle R. Organizational factors, nurses' job satisfaction, and patient satisfaction with nursing care. J Nurs Adm 1999; 29: 3242.
  • 31
    MacLeod JA, Sella S. One year later: using role theory to evaluate a new delivery system. Nurs Forum 1992; 27: 208.
  • 32
    Fergusson L, Cioffi J. Team nursing: experiences of nurse managers in acute care setting. Aust J Adv Nurs 2011; 28: 511.
  • 33
    Brewer CS, Kovner CT, Greene W, Cheng Y. Predictors of RNs' intent to work and work decisions 1 year later in a U.S. national sample. Int J Nurs Stud 2009; 46: 94056.
  • 34
    Meade MO, Richardson WS. Selecting and appraising studies for a systematic review. Ann Intern Med 1997; 127: 5317.
  • 35
    Puffer S, Torgerson DJ, Watson J. Cluster randomized controlled trials. J Eval Clin Pract 2005; 11: 47983.

Studies excluded from the review and reasons for exclusion

  1. References
  2. Studies excluded from the review and reasons for exclusion
  • 1
    Donahue L. A pod design for nursing assignments: eliminating unnecessary steps and increasing patient satisfaction by reconfiguring care assignments. Am J Nurs 2009; 109(11 Suppl.): 3840.

Reason for exclusion Study did not meet the quality threshold.

  • 2
    O'Connell B, Duke M, Bennett P, Crawford S, Korfiatis V. The trials and tribulations of team-nursing. Collegian 2006; 13: 117.

Reason for exclusion Study did not meet the quality threshold.

  • 3
    Allen DE, Vitale-Nolen RA. Patient care delivery model improves nurse job satisfaction. J Contin Educ Nurs 2005; 36: 27782.

Reason for exclusion Unclear if study had all RN staffing.

Reason for exclusion Study had all RN staffing.

  • 5
    Palese A, Comuzzi C, Bresadola V. Global case management: the ‘nurse case manager’ model applied to day surgery in Italy. Lippincotts Case Manag 2005; 10: 8392.

Reason for exclusion Unclear if study had all RN staffing.