Vitamin supplementation in pregnancy
Article first published online: 24 JUL 2012
© 2012 Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists
The Obstetrician & Gynaecologist
Volume 14, Issue 3, pages 175–178, July 2012
How to Cite
Duckworth S, Mistry HD, Chappell LC. Vitamin supplementation in pregnancy. The Obstetrician & Gynaecologist 2012;14:175–178.
- Issue published online: 24 JUL 2012
- Article first published online: 24 JUL 2012
- congenital anomaly;
- fetal morbidity;
- iron-deficiency anaemia;
- maternal morbidity;
- National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence;
- neural tube defects
- Pregnant women should take 400 micrograms/day of folic acid periconceptionally.
- High-dose vitamins C and E are not recommended.
- All pregnant women are now advised to take vitamin D supplements.
- Less than 50% of pregnant women in the UK take the vitamins recommended for pregnancy.
- Further collaborative research is required to understand the role of other vitamins in improving maternal and perinatal wellbeing in high and low-resourced countries.
- To understand the role of vitamins in pregnancy.
- To gain an overview of recommendations on vitamin supplementation in pregnancy.
- To be aware of the benefits and harm of vitamin supplementation in pregnancy.
- Is it appropriate to identify women at risk of vitamin deficiency based on parameters such as ethnicity and body mass index?
- How should potential benefits and harms be balanced for mother and fetus when considering vitamin supplementation in pregnancy?
- Is it ethical to consider food fortification with vitamins for the benefit of one group (pregnant women) when there may be harm for other groups (older persons)?