• 1
    Saving mothers’ lives: reviewing maternal deaths to make motherhood safer: 2006–2008. BJOG 2011;118:1203.
  • 2
    Ono T, Guthold R, Strong K. WHO Global Comparable Estimates. 2005 [].
  • 3
    Davies GA, Maxwell C, McLeod L, Gagnon R, Basso M, Bos H, et al. Obesity in pregnancy. J Obstet Gynaecol Can 2010;32:16573.
  • 4
    Sebire NJ, Jolly M, Harris JP, Wadsworth J, Joffe M, Beard RW, et al. Maternal obesity and pregnancy outcome: a study of 287, 213 pregnancies in London. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 2001;25:117582.
  • 5
    Larsen TB, Srensen HT, Gislum M, Johnsen SP. Maternal smoking, obesity, and risk of venous thromboembolism during pregnancy and the puerperium: a population-based nested case-control study. Thromb Res 2007;120:5059.
  • 6
    Callaway LK, Prins JB, Chang AM, McIntyre HD. The prevalence and impact of overweight and obesity in an Australian obstetric population. Med J Aust 2006;184:569.
  • 7
    Cedergren MI. Maternal morbid obesity and the risk of adverse pregnancy outcome. Obstet Gynecol 2004;103:21924.
  • 8
    National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence, National Collaborating Centre for Primary Care. Obesity: the Prevention, Identification, Assessment and Management of Overweight and Obesity in Adults and Children. London: NICE; 2006.
  • 9
    American Society for Metabolic & Bariatric Surgery. Bariatric Surgical Society Takes on New Name, New Mission and New Surgery. Gainesville, FL: American Society for Metabolic & Bariatric Surgery; 2007 [].
  • 10
    Centre for Maternal and Child Enquiries, Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. Management of Women with Obesity in Pregnancy. London: RCOG; 2010.
  • 11
    Sjöström L, Narbro K, Sjöström CD, Karason K, Larsson B, Wedel H, et al. Effects of bariatric surgery on mortality in Swedish subjects. N Eng J Med 2007;357:74152.
  • 12
    Maggard MA, Yermilov I, Li Z, Maglione M, Newberry S, Suttorp M, et al. Pregnancy and fertility following bariatric surgery: a systematic review. JAMA 2008;300:228696.
  • 13
    Marceau P, Kaufman D, Biron S, Hould F, Lebel S, Marceau S, et al. Outcome of pregnancies after biliopancreatic diversion. Obes Surg 2004;14:318324.
  • 14
    Sheiner E, Levy A, Silverberg D, Menes TS, Levy I, Katz M, et al. Pregnancy after bariatric surgery is not associated with adverse perinatal outcome. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2004;190:133540.
  • 15
    Shekelle PG, Newberry S, Maglione M, Li Z, Yermilov I, Hilton L, et al. Bariatric surgery in women of reproductive age: special concerns for pregnancy. Evid Rep Technol Assess (Full Rep) 2008;169:151.
  • 16
    American College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. ACOG Committee opinion number 315, September 2005. Obesity in pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol 2005;106:6715
  • 17
    Dao T, Kuhn J, Ehmer D, Fisher T, McCarty T. Pregnancy outcomes after gastric bypass surgery. Am J Surg 2006;192:7626.
  • 18
    Sheiner E, Edri A, Balaban E, Levi I, Aricha-Tamir B. Pregnancy outcome of patients who conceive during or after the first year following bariatric surgery. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2011;204:50.e1–6
  • 19
    Patel JA, Patel NA, Thomas RL, Nelms JK, Colella JJ. Pregnancy outcomes after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Surg Obes Relat Dis 2008;4:3945.
  • 20
    Biron S, Hould F, Simard S, Lebel S, Marceau S, Marceau P. Birth weight after biliopancreatic diversion (abstract). Obes Surg 1999;9:126.
  • 21
    Dixon JB, Dixon ME, O'Brien PE. Birth outcomes in obese women after laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding. Obstet Gynecol 2005;106:96572.
  • 22
    Gosman GG, King WC, Schrope B, Steffen KJ, Strain GW, Courcoulas AP, et al. Reproductive health of women electing bariatric surgery. Fertil Steril 2010;94:142631
  • 23
    Shah DK, Ginsburg ES. Bariatric surgery and fertility. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 2010;22:24854.
  • 24
    Paulen ME, Zapata LB, Cansino C, Curtis KM, Jamieson DJ. Contraceptive use among women with a history of bariatric surgery: a systematic review. Contraception 2010;82:8694.
  • 25
    Sheiner E, Balaban E, Dreiher J, Levi I, Levy A. Pregnancy outcome in patients following different types of bariatric surgeries. Obes Surg 2009;19:128692.
  • 26
    Wax JR, Heersink D, Pinette MG, Cartin A, Blackstone J. Symptomatic hypoglycaemia complicating pregnancy following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. Obes Surg 2007;17:698700.
  • 27
    Friedman D, Cuneo S, Valenzano M, Marinari GM, Adami GF, Gianetta E, et al. Pregnancies in an 18 year follow-up after biliopancreatic diversion. Obes Surg 1995;5:30813.
  • 28
    Dixon JB, Dixon ME, O'Brien PE. Pregnancy after lap-band surgery: management of the band to achieve healthy outcomes. Obes Surg 2001;11:5965.
  • 29
    Guelinckx I, Devlieger R, Vansant G. Reproductive outcome after bariatric surgery: a critical review. Hum Reprod Update 2009;15:189201.
  • 30
    Dias MC, Fazio Ede S, de Oliveira FC, Nomura RM, Faintuch J, Zugaib M. Body weight changes and outcome of pregnancy after gastroplasty for morbid obesity. Clin Nutr 2009;28:16972.
  • 31
    Skull AJ, Slater GH, Duncombe JE, Fielding GA. Laparoscopic adjustable banding in pregnancy: safety, patient tolerance and effect on obesity-related pregnancy outcomes. Obes Surg 2004;14:2305.
  • 32
    Bebber FE, Rizzolli J, Casagrande DS, Rodrigues MT, Padoin AV, Mottin C, et al. Pregnancy after bariatric surgery: 39 pregnancies follow-up in a multidisciplinary team. Obes Surg 2011;21:154651.
  • 33
    Ducarme G, Revaux A, Rodrigues A, Aissaoui F, Pharisien I, Uzan M. Obstetric outcome following laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2007;98:2447.
  • 34
    Wax JR, Wolff R, Cobean R, Pinette MG, Blackstone J, Cartin A. Intussusception complicating pregnancy following laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Obes Surg 2007;17:9779.
  • 35
    Bennett WL, Gilson MM, Jamshidi R, Burke AE, Segal JB, Steele KE, et al. Impact of bariatric surgery on hypertensive disorders in pregnancy: retrospective analysis of insurance claims data. BMJ 2010;340:c1662.
  • 36
    Abodeely A, Roye GD, Harrington DT, Cioffi WG. Pregnancy outcomes after bariatric surgery: maternal, fetal and infant complications. Surg Obes Relat Dis 2008;4:46471.
  • 37
    Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. Green-top Guideline No. 37a. Reducing the Risk of Thrombosis and Embolism During Pregnancy and Puerperium. London: RCOG; 2009.
  • 38
    Martin LF, Finigan KM, Nolan TE. Pregnancy after adjustable gastric banding. Obstet Gynecol 2000;95:92730.
  • 39
    Santulli P, Mandelbrot L, Facchiano E, Dussaux C, Ceccaldi PF, Ledoux S, et al. Obstetrical and neonatal outcomes of pregnancies following gastric bypass surgery: a retrospective cohort study in a French referral centre. Obes Surg 2010;20:15018.
  • 40
    Gusenoff JA, Messing S, O'Malley W, Langstein HN. Patterns of plastic surgical use after gastric bypass: who can afford it and who will return for more? Plast Reconstr Surg 2008;122:9518.
  • 41
    Victor A, Odlind V, Kral JG. Oral contraception absorption and sex hormone binding globulins in obese women; effects of jejunoileal bypass. Gastroenterol Clin North Am 1987;16:48391.