PURPOSE. This integrative review concerns nursing research on parent–child interaction and relationships published from 1980 through 2008 and includes assessment and intervention studies in clinically important settings (e.g., feeding, teaching, play).
CONCLUSIONS. Directions for research include development of theoretical frameworks, valid observational systems, and multivariate and longitudinal data analytic strategies.
PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS. Observation of social–emotional as well as task-related interaction qualities in the context of assessing parent–child relationships could generate new questions for nursing research and for family-centered nursing practice.