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Cardiovascular Fitness and Quality of Life in Adolescents With Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes


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PURPOSE.  This descriptive study of adolescents with type 1 or type 2 diabetes examined the relationships between cardiovascular fitness and physical activity (PA) with generic or health-related quality of life (QoL), glycemic control, and lipids.

DESIGN AND METHODS.  Graded ergometry testing for fitness, fasting assays for lipids, glycosylated hemoglobin (A1C), and self-reported PA and QoL instruments were completed with 151 adolescents.

RESULTS.  Adolescents with type 2 diabetes had lower fitness. Fitness was associated with improved lipids, A1C, health perception, and athletic competence in adolescents with type 1 diabetes.

PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS.  Interventions to encourage active lifestyles are imperative for adolescents with diabetes.