Purpose. This study examined the presence of family adversity and family dysfunction in 32 families who had children diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) compared with 23 families with similar sociodemographic characteristics whose children did not have ADHD.
Design and Methods. A descriptive comparative design was used to investigate family adversity and family dysfunction.
Results. Families of children with ADHD had significantly higher levels of family dysfunction than families whose children did not have ADHD.
Practice Implications. Earlier identification and intervention with families of children who have ADHD may result in healthier family and child outcomes.