Self-efficacy and physical activity in adolescent and parent dyads


  • Elaine M. Rutkowski,

    Corresponding author
    1. Elaine M. Rutkowski, PhD, RN, CNS, is an Assistant Professor, School of Nursing, California State University, Fullerton; and
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  • Cynthia D. Connelly

    1. Cynthia D. Connelly, PhD, RN, FAAN, is a Professor, University of San Diego, Hahn School of Nursing and Health Sciences, San Diego, California, USA
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  • Disclosure: The authors report no actual or potential conflicts of interest.

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Purpose.  The study examined the relationships between self-efficacy and physical activity in adolescent and parent dyads.

Design and Methods.  A cross-sectional, correlational design was used to explore the relationships among levels of parent physical activity, parent–adolescent self-efficacy, and adolescent physical activity. Descriptive and multivariate regression analyses were conducted in a purposive sample of 94 adolescent/parent dyads.

Results.  Regression results indicated the overall model significantly predicted adolescent physical activity (R2= .20, R2adj= .14, F[5, 70]= 3.28, p= .01). Only one of the five predictor variables significantly contributed to the model. Higher levels of adolescent self-efficacy was positively related to greater levels of adolescent physical activity (β= .29, p= .01).

Practice Implications.  Practitioners are encouraged to examine the level of self-efficacy and physical activity in families in an effort to develop strategies that impact these areas and ultimately to mediate obesity-related challenges in families seeking care.