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Pediatric inpatient falls and injuries: A descriptive analysis of risk factors

Authors

  • Patricia L. Schaffer,

    Corresponding author
    1. Patricia L. Schaffer, MSN, RN, is a Clinical Program Manager; Nancy M. Daraiseh, PhD, is a Research Scientist; Lynn Daum, BSN, RN-BC, is a Decision Support Analyst; Ed Mendez, MPH, RN, was a Clinical Program Manager; Li Lin, MS, is a Statistician; and Myra Martz Huth, PhD, RN, FAAN, was the Assistant Vice President, Research and Evidence-Based Practice, Center for Professional Excellence, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
      Author contact, pat.schaffer@cchmc.org, with a copy to the Editor: roxie.foster@UCDenver.edu
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  • Nancy M. Daraiseh,

    1. Patricia L. Schaffer, MSN, RN, is a Clinical Program Manager; Nancy M. Daraiseh, PhD, is a Research Scientist; Lynn Daum, BSN, RN-BC, is a Decision Support Analyst; Ed Mendez, MPH, RN, was a Clinical Program Manager; Li Lin, MS, is a Statistician; and Myra Martz Huth, PhD, RN, FAAN, was the Assistant Vice President, Research and Evidence-Based Practice, Center for Professional Excellence, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
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  • Lynn Daum,

    1. Patricia L. Schaffer, MSN, RN, is a Clinical Program Manager; Nancy M. Daraiseh, PhD, is a Research Scientist; Lynn Daum, BSN, RN-BC, is a Decision Support Analyst; Ed Mendez, MPH, RN, was a Clinical Program Manager; Li Lin, MS, is a Statistician; and Myra Martz Huth, PhD, RN, FAAN, was the Assistant Vice President, Research and Evidence-Based Practice, Center for Professional Excellence, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Ed Mendez,

    1. Patricia L. Schaffer, MSN, RN, is a Clinical Program Manager; Nancy M. Daraiseh, PhD, is a Research Scientist; Lynn Daum, BSN, RN-BC, is a Decision Support Analyst; Ed Mendez, MPH, RN, was a Clinical Program Manager; Li Lin, MS, is a Statistician; and Myra Martz Huth, PhD, RN, FAAN, was the Assistant Vice President, Research and Evidence-Based Practice, Center for Professional Excellence, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Li Lin,

    1. Patricia L. Schaffer, MSN, RN, is a Clinical Program Manager; Nancy M. Daraiseh, PhD, is a Research Scientist; Lynn Daum, BSN, RN-BC, is a Decision Support Analyst; Ed Mendez, MPH, RN, was a Clinical Program Manager; Li Lin, MS, is a Statistician; and Myra Martz Huth, PhD, RN, FAAN, was the Assistant Vice President, Research and Evidence-Based Practice, Center for Professional Excellence, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
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  • Myra Martz Huth

    1. Patricia L. Schaffer, MSN, RN, is a Clinical Program Manager; Nancy M. Daraiseh, PhD, is a Research Scientist; Lynn Daum, BSN, RN-BC, is a Decision Support Analyst; Ed Mendez, MPH, RN, was a Clinical Program Manager; Li Lin, MS, is a Statistician; and Myra Martz Huth, PhD, RN, FAAN, was the Assistant Vice President, Research and Evidence-Based Practice, Center for Professional Excellence, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
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  • Disclosure. The authors report no financial interests or potential conflicts of interest.

Author contact, pat.schaffer@cchmc.org, with a copy to the Editor: roxie.foster@UCDenver.edu

Abstract

Purpose.  This study identified patient characteristics and environmental factors related to falls and injuries at one pediatric hospital.

Design and Methods.  This descriptive study was part of a multisite study based on inpatient pediatric falls reported over a 6-month period.

Results.  Fall prevalence was .84/1,000 patient days. Thirty-one of the 53 falls (58.5%) resulted in injury; 17% required treatment. Of the injured children, 83% were developmentally appropriate, 58% were in the hospital room, and five fell from a bed.

Practice Implications.  Comprehensive fall prevention programs are required to promote patient safety.

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