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Nutritional status among pediatric cancer patients: A comparison between hematological malignancies and solid tumors

Authors

  • Pei Chien Tah BSc, MSc,

    Clinical Dietician
    1. Department of Dietetics, University Malaya Medical Centre, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
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  • Safii Nik Shanita BSc, MSc, PhD,

    Senior Lecturer
    1. Dietetics Programme, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
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  • Bee Koon Poh BSc, PhD

    Professor and Head, Corresponding author
    • Nutritional Sciences Programme, School of Healthcare Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
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  • Acknowledgements

    This study was partially supported by the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Research University Grant (Project Code: UKM-GUP-SK-07-21-046). We wish to thank all the subjects and their caregivers for their full cooperation and support during this study. We are also grateful to all staff members of the University Malaya Medical Centre and Paediatric Institute of Kuala Lumpur Hospital for their cooperation and assistance. We also thank the University Malaya Medical Centre and Paediatric Institute of Kuala Lumpur Hospital for granting approval to conduct the study. All authors were involved in the conception and design of the study. TPC collected the data, performed the statistical analysis, and drafted the article. All authors were involved in data interpretation, critically revising the manuscript and approval of the final version submitted for publication.

  • Disclosure: The authors report no actual or potential conflicts of interest.

Author contact

pbkoon@fskb.ukm.my or pbkoon@gmail.com, with a copy to the Editor: roxie.foster@UCDenver.edu

Abstract

Purpose

This study aimed to compare the nutritional status of pediatric patients with hematological malignancies and solid tumors.

Design and Methods

A total of 74 pediatric cancer patients were assessed for anthropometric status, biochemical profiles, and dietary intake.

Results

The prevalence of undernutrition was higher among patients with solid tumors as reflected in their lower dietary intakes of energy and nutrients compared with patients with hematological malignancies.

Practice Implication

Adequate dietary intake is important for pediatric cancer patients, but nurses need to pay more attention to the diets of patients with solid tumors as compared with those with hematological malignancies.

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