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Nurses' Perceptions of Nursing Interventions Supporting Quality of Life in Acute Psychiatric Wards

Authors

  • Anneli Pitkänen MNSc,

    Corresponding author
    1. Anneli Pitkänen, MNSc, is a Nursing Director, Tampere University Hospital, Department of Psychiatry/University of Turku, Department of Nursing Science, Tampere, Finland;
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  • Heli Hätönen PhD,

    1. Heli Hätönen, PhD, is a Coordinator of preventive mental health services, University of Turku, Department of Nursing Science, Municipality of Imatra, Finland;
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  • Marjo Kollanen MNSc,

    1. Marjo Kollanen, MNSc, is a Nursing Director, Hospital district of Helsinki and Uusimaa, Psychiatric Hospital of Kellokoski, Tuusula, Finland;
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  • Lauri Kuosmanen PhD,

    1. Lauri Kuosmanen, PhD, is a Projector Director, University of Turku, Department of Nursing Science, Primary Health Care Organization, City of Vantaa, Finland; and
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  • Maritta Välimäki PhD

    1. Maritta Välimäki, PhD, is a Professor, University of Turku, Department of Nursing Science, and Nursing Director, Hospital district of Southwest Finland, Turku, Finland.
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anneli.pitkanen@utu.fi, with a copy to the Editor: gpearson@uchc.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:  This study aimed to examine nurses' (N= 29) perceptions of nursing interventions in supporting patients' quality of life (QoL) in acute psychiatric inpatient settings.

DESIGN AND METHOD:  An explorative descriptive study design was applied. The data were generated through seven focus group interviews and analyzed with qualitative content analysis.

FINDINGS:  Five main categories of nursing interventions to support patients' QoL were identified. Interventions were related to care planning, empowering interventions, social interventions, activating interventions, and security interventions.

PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS:  Emphasis should be placed on nurses' opportunities to improve patients' QoL according to patients' individual needs.

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