Conflict of Interest Statement: The authors report no actual or potential conflicts of interest.
Screening for Smoking in a General Hospital: Scale Validation, Indicators of Prevalence, and Comorbidity
Article first published online: 14 MAR 2012
© 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Volume 49, Issue 1, pages 5–12, January 2013
How to Cite
de Lima Osório, F., Franco de Carvalho, A. C., de Souza Crippa, J. A. and Loureiro, S. R. (2013), Screening for Smoking in a General Hospital: Scale Validation, Indicators of Prevalence, and Comorbidity. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care, 49: 5–12. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-6163.2012.00330.x
Research supported by Reitoria de Pesquisa da Universidade de São Paulo (Process USP n°. 09.1.01689.17.7) and by Banco Santander (Process USP n°. 10.1.01232.17.9).
- Issue published online: 7 JAN 2013
- Article first published online: 14 MAR 2012
- First Received August 28, 2011; Final Revision received December 21, 2011; Accepted for publication January 5, 2012.
- general hospital;
- smoking habit
PURPOSE: The study aims to conduct a psychometric study of the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) and to assess the prevalence, sociodemographic profile, and psychiatric comorbidities of smokers in a general hospital.
DESIGN AND METHODS: Two hundred sixty-four inpatients were elegible for inclusion in the study and assessed with Structured Clinical Interview for the DSM-IV (Module E), Patient Health Questionnaire, Fast Alcohol Screening Test, and FTND.
FINDINGS: The cut-off note two of the FTND is the most adequate to identify tobacco abuse/dependence (sensibility: 0.59–0.76). The reliability was estimated to be 0.68–0.96. A 44% rate of tobacco abuser/dependent patients was detected, with a 28% rate of psychiatric comorbidity.
PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Detection of the smoking habits at the time of hospitalization can be opportune, favoring the planning and the beginning of treatment.