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The Group Cohesiveness Scale (GCS) for Psychiatric Inpatients

Authors

  • Tinakon Wongpakaran MD, FRCPsychT,

    Corresponding author
    1. Tinakon Wongpakaran, MD, FRCPsychT, is Associate Professor of Psychiatry, Head of Psychotherapy Unit, Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand; Nahathai Wongpakaran, MD, FRCPsychT, is Associate Professor of Psychiatry, Head of Geriatric Psychiatry Unit, Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand; Rojarek Intachote-Sakamoto, MNS (Mental Health and Psychiatric Nursing), is Head of Psychiatric Inpatient Unit, Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital, Chiang Mai, Thailand; and Theerarat Boripunthakul, MSc (Psychology), is a Psychologist, Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
      tchanob@med.cmu.ac.th, with a copy to the Editor: gpearson@uchc.edu
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  • Nahathai Wongpakaran MD, FRCPsychT,

    1. Tinakon Wongpakaran, MD, FRCPsychT, is Associate Professor of Psychiatry, Head of Psychotherapy Unit, Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand; Nahathai Wongpakaran, MD, FRCPsychT, is Associate Professor of Psychiatry, Head of Geriatric Psychiatry Unit, Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand; Rojarek Intachote-Sakamoto, MNS (Mental Health and Psychiatric Nursing), is Head of Psychiatric Inpatient Unit, Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital, Chiang Mai, Thailand; and Theerarat Boripunthakul, MSc (Psychology), is a Psychologist, Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
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  • Rojarek Intachote-Sakamoto MNS (Mental Health and Psychiatric Nursing),

    1. Tinakon Wongpakaran, MD, FRCPsychT, is Associate Professor of Psychiatry, Head of Psychotherapy Unit, Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand; Nahathai Wongpakaran, MD, FRCPsychT, is Associate Professor of Psychiatry, Head of Geriatric Psychiatry Unit, Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand; Rojarek Intachote-Sakamoto, MNS (Mental Health and Psychiatric Nursing), is Head of Psychiatric Inpatient Unit, Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital, Chiang Mai, Thailand; and Theerarat Boripunthakul, MSc (Psychology), is a Psychologist, Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
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  • Theerarat Boripuntakul MSc (Psychology)

    1. Tinakon Wongpakaran, MD, FRCPsychT, is Associate Professor of Psychiatry, Head of Psychotherapy Unit, Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand; Nahathai Wongpakaran, MD, FRCPsychT, is Associate Professor of Psychiatry, Head of Geriatric Psychiatry Unit, Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand; Rojarek Intachote-Sakamoto, MNS (Mental Health and Psychiatric Nursing), is Head of Psychiatric Inpatient Unit, Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital, Chiang Mai, Thailand; and Theerarat Boripunthakul, MSc (Psychology), is a Psychologist, Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
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  • Conflict of Interest Statement

  • The authors report no actual or potential conflicts of interest.

tchanob@med.cmu.ac.th, with a copy to the Editor: gpearson@uchc.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:  This study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the seven-item Group Cohesiveness Scale (GCS).

DESIGN AND METHODS:  In total, 96 inpatients completed the GCS along with the Cohesion to Therapist Scale Questionnaire and the Group Benefit Questionnaire after participating in group therapy sessions. Construct and concurrent validities and internal consistency were analyzed.

FINDINGS:  It yielded a Cronbach's alpha of .87, with a one-factor solution with excellent fit indices. A significant correlation was found between the GCSc, the Cohesion to Therapist Scale, and the Group Benefit Questionnaire.

PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS:  The scale shows good internal consistency, and its brevity makes it suitable for use with psychiatric inpatients.

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