Psychometric Testing of the Children's Resourcefulness Scale

Authors

  • Jaclene A. Zauszniewski PhD, RN-BC, FAAN,

    1. Jaclene A. Zauszniewski, PhD, RN-BC, FAAN, is Associate Dean for Doctoral Education and Kate Hanna Harvey Professor in Community Health Nursing, Bolton School of Nursing, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio. Abir K Bekhet, PhD, RN, is Assistant Professor, College of Nursing, Marquette University, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Elizabeth Bonham, PhD, PMHCNS-BC, is Assistant Professor, College of Nursing, University of Southern Indiana, Evansville, Indiana, USA.
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  • Abir K. Bekhet PhD, RN,

    1. Jaclene A. Zauszniewski, PhD, RN-BC, FAAN, is Associate Dean for Doctoral Education and Kate Hanna Harvey Professor in Community Health Nursing, Bolton School of Nursing, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio. Abir K Bekhet, PhD, RN, is Assistant Professor, College of Nursing, Marquette University, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Elizabeth Bonham, PhD, PMHCNS-BC, is Assistant Professor, College of Nursing, University of Southern Indiana, Evansville, Indiana, USA.
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  • Elizabeth Bonham PhD, PMHCNS-BC

    1. Jaclene A. Zauszniewski, PhD, RN-BC, FAAN, is Associate Dean for Doctoral Education and Kate Hanna Harvey Professor in Community Health Nursing, Bolton School of Nursing, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio. Abir K Bekhet, PhD, RN, is Assistant Professor, College of Nursing, Marquette University, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Elizabeth Bonham, PhD, PMHCNS-BC, is Assistant Professor, College of Nursing, University of Southern Indiana, Evansville, Indiana, USA.
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Author contact: jaz@case.edu, with a copy to the Editor: poster@uta.edu

Abstract

PROBLEM:  Resourcefulness is known to reduce depression in adults, but its effects on children are less well known, possibly for lack of a psychometrically sound measure.

METHODS:  This study examined the reliability and validity of the 32-item Children's Self-Control Scale (C-SCS), which measures resourcefulness, in 122 school-aged children.

FINDINGS:  Standard scale refinement methods produced a 10-item scale with α= .72 and correlations with the C-SCS (r = .86), positive thoughts (r = .38), and depressive symptoms (r =–.32). Factor analysis revealed two factors: problem-solving and delay of gratification.

CONCLUSIONS:  The 10-item scale may be useful for identifying children who are not resourceful and are at risk for depression.

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