Recovery of Normal Body Weight in Adolescents with Anorexia Nervosa: The Nurses' Perspective on Effective Interventions

Authors

  • René Bakker RN, CNS,

    1. René Bakker, RN, CNS, is Researcher, Dimence Institute for Mental Health Care, Almelo. Berno van Meijel, PhD, RN, is Associate Professor in Mental Health Nursing, INHolland University for Applied Sciences/Research Group Mental Health Nursing, Amsterdam. Laura Beukers, RN, MNSc, is Researcher, Triversum Centre for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Alkmaa; INHolland University for Applied Sciences/Research Group Mental Health Nursing, Amsterdam. Joyce van Ommen, RN, CNS, is Researcher, Altrecht Institute for Mental Health Care, Zeist. Esther Meerwijk, RN, MNSc, is PhD Student, University of California, School of Nursing, San Francisco, CA, USA. Annemarie van Elburg, MD, PhD, is Psychiatrist, Rintveld Center for Eating Disorders, Altrecht Institute for Mental Health Care, Zeist, the Netherlands.
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  • Berno van Meijel PhD, RN,

    1. René Bakker, RN, CNS, is Researcher, Dimence Institute for Mental Health Care, Almelo. Berno van Meijel, PhD, RN, is Associate Professor in Mental Health Nursing, INHolland University for Applied Sciences/Research Group Mental Health Nursing, Amsterdam. Laura Beukers, RN, MNSc, is Researcher, Triversum Centre for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Alkmaa; INHolland University for Applied Sciences/Research Group Mental Health Nursing, Amsterdam. Joyce van Ommen, RN, CNS, is Researcher, Altrecht Institute for Mental Health Care, Zeist. Esther Meerwijk, RN, MNSc, is PhD Student, University of California, School of Nursing, San Francisco, CA, USA. Annemarie van Elburg, MD, PhD, is Psychiatrist, Rintveld Center for Eating Disorders, Altrecht Institute for Mental Health Care, Zeist, the Netherlands.
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  • Laura Beukers RN, MNSc,

    1. René Bakker, RN, CNS, is Researcher, Dimence Institute for Mental Health Care, Almelo. Berno van Meijel, PhD, RN, is Associate Professor in Mental Health Nursing, INHolland University for Applied Sciences/Research Group Mental Health Nursing, Amsterdam. Laura Beukers, RN, MNSc, is Researcher, Triversum Centre for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Alkmaa; INHolland University for Applied Sciences/Research Group Mental Health Nursing, Amsterdam. Joyce van Ommen, RN, CNS, is Researcher, Altrecht Institute for Mental Health Care, Zeist. Esther Meerwijk, RN, MNSc, is PhD Student, University of California, School of Nursing, San Francisco, CA, USA. Annemarie van Elburg, MD, PhD, is Psychiatrist, Rintveld Center for Eating Disorders, Altrecht Institute for Mental Health Care, Zeist, the Netherlands.
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  • Joyce van Ommen RN, CNS,

    1. René Bakker, RN, CNS, is Researcher, Dimence Institute for Mental Health Care, Almelo. Berno van Meijel, PhD, RN, is Associate Professor in Mental Health Nursing, INHolland University for Applied Sciences/Research Group Mental Health Nursing, Amsterdam. Laura Beukers, RN, MNSc, is Researcher, Triversum Centre for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Alkmaa; INHolland University for Applied Sciences/Research Group Mental Health Nursing, Amsterdam. Joyce van Ommen, RN, CNS, is Researcher, Altrecht Institute for Mental Health Care, Zeist. Esther Meerwijk, RN, MNSc, is PhD Student, University of California, School of Nursing, San Francisco, CA, USA. Annemarie van Elburg, MD, PhD, is Psychiatrist, Rintveld Center for Eating Disorders, Altrecht Institute for Mental Health Care, Zeist, the Netherlands.
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  • Esther Meerwijk RN, MNSc,

    1. René Bakker, RN, CNS, is Researcher, Dimence Institute for Mental Health Care, Almelo. Berno van Meijel, PhD, RN, is Associate Professor in Mental Health Nursing, INHolland University for Applied Sciences/Research Group Mental Health Nursing, Amsterdam. Laura Beukers, RN, MNSc, is Researcher, Triversum Centre for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Alkmaa; INHolland University for Applied Sciences/Research Group Mental Health Nursing, Amsterdam. Joyce van Ommen, RN, CNS, is Researcher, Altrecht Institute for Mental Health Care, Zeist. Esther Meerwijk, RN, MNSc, is PhD Student, University of California, School of Nursing, San Francisco, CA, USA. Annemarie van Elburg, MD, PhD, is Psychiatrist, Rintveld Center for Eating Disorders, Altrecht Institute for Mental Health Care, Zeist, the Netherlands.
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  • Annemarie van Elburg MD, PhD

    1. René Bakker, RN, CNS, is Researcher, Dimence Institute for Mental Health Care, Almelo. Berno van Meijel, PhD, RN, is Associate Professor in Mental Health Nursing, INHolland University for Applied Sciences/Research Group Mental Health Nursing, Amsterdam. Laura Beukers, RN, MNSc, is Researcher, Triversum Centre for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Alkmaa; INHolland University for Applied Sciences/Research Group Mental Health Nursing, Amsterdam. Joyce van Ommen, RN, CNS, is Researcher, Altrecht Institute for Mental Health Care, Zeist. Esther Meerwijk, RN, MNSc, is PhD Student, University of California, School of Nursing, San Francisco, CA, USA. Annemarie van Elburg, MD, PhD, is Psychiatrist, Rintveld Center for Eating Disorders, Altrecht Institute for Mental Health Care, Zeist, the Netherlands.
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Berno.vanMeijel@Inholland.nl, with a copy to the Editor: poster@uta.edu

Abstract

PROBLEM:  Little is known about effective nursing interventions for adolescents with anorexia nervosa. The purpose of this study was to discover which aspects of nursing care are most effective, according to nurses, in recovery of normal body weight in adolescents with anorexia nervosa.

METHODS:  A qualitative descriptive research design was applied with individual in-depth interviews and a focus group. Thematic analysis was used to analyze the data.

FINDINGS:  Nurses state that they are in a key position in guiding patients with anorexia nervosa toward a path of weight recovery. A good therapeutic relationship is essential to the implementation of targeted nursing interventions in the areas of eating and exercising, social support, and parent counseling.

CONCLUSIONS:  The results of this research can be used to define more detailed nursing interventions, the effectiveness of which can be tested in follow-up research.

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