Anticipatory Stress Response in PTSD: Extreme Stress in Children
Article first published online: 28 JAN 2011
© 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
Volume 24, Issue 1, pages 58–71, February 2011
How to Cite
Grogan, S. and Murphy, K. P. (2011), Anticipatory Stress Response in PTSD: Extreme Stress in Children. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing, 24: 58–71. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-6171.2010.00266.x
- Issue published online: 28 JAN 2011
- Article first published online: 28 JAN 2011
- Allostatic load;
- anticipatory stress;
- post-traumatic stress disorder;
- stress response
TOPIC: Anticipatory stress chronically activates the stress response in children with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Effects of the allostatic load may begin even before birth in a stressful environment.
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to discuss the anticipatory stress response in children with PTSD. The paper discusses the etiology, the impact of the disorder on long-term health, cognitive and behavioral manifestations, and clinical management and treatment options.
SOURCES USED: A review on current literature is presented and includes several key studies.
CONCLUSIONS: Anticipatory stress in PTSD has acute and long-term health implications for the child. The psychiatric nurse plays a key role in preventing the long-term effects of PTSD.