Donald D. Kautz, RN, PhD, CNRN, CRRN-A, is Assistant Professor, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, NC; RuthAnne Kuiper, RN, PhD, CRRN, is Associate Professor, University of North Carolina at Wilmington, Wilmington, NC; Daniel J. Pesut, APRN, BC, PhD, FAAN, is Professor and Associate Dean for Graduate Programs, Indiana University School of Nursing, Indianapolis, IN; Randy L. Williams, RN, MSN/MBA, is Staff Nurse, High Point Regional Health Care Systems, High Point, NC.
Using NANDA, NIC, and NOC (NNN) Language for Clinical Reasoning With the Outcome-Present State-Test (OPT) Model
Article first published online: 13 NOV 2006
International Journal of Nursing Terminologies and Classifications
Volume 17, Issue 3, pages 129–138, July 2006
How to Cite
Kautz, D. D., Kuiper, R., Pesut, D. J. and Williams, R. L. (2006), Using NANDA, NIC, and NOC (NNN) Language for Clinical Reasoning With the Outcome-Present State-Test (OPT) Model. International Journal of Nursing Terminologies and Classifications, 17: 129–138. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-618X.2006.00033.x
- Issue published online: 13 NOV 2006
- Article first published online: 13 NOV 2006
PURPOSE. To analyze the degree to which standardized nursing language was used by baccalaureate nursing students completing Outcome-Present State-Test (OPT) model worksheets in a clinical practicum.
METHODS. A scoring instrument was developed and 100 worksheets were retrospectively analyzed.
FINDINGS. NANDA nursing diagnoses were correctly stated in 92% of the OPT models. Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC) outcomes were explicitly stated in 22%, and implied in 72%. Interventions matched appropriate Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) activities in 61%.
CONCLUSIONS. NANDA, NIC, and NOC (NNN) language was used inconsistently by students in this sample.
IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE. If NNN language is to advance nursing knowledge, its promotion, representation in curriculum development, and active use is necessary. Educational research is needed on the facilitators and barriers to NNN language use.