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Testing the Q-DIO as an Instrument to Measure the Documented Quality of Nursing Diagnoses, Interventions, and Outcomes


  • Maria Müller-Staub, PhD, MNS, EdN, RN, Head of Pflege PBS, Bern, Switzerland; Margaret Lunney, PhD, RN, is a Professor at the College of Staten Island, The City University of New York Department of Nursing; Mary Ann Lavin, ScD, RN, FAAN, is a Professor at the Saint Louis University School of Nursing; Ian Needham, PhD, MNS, EdN, RN, is Professor and Head of Nursing Research, FHS St. Gallen—Hochschule für Angewandte Wissenschaften, Nursing Research Institute, St. Gallen, Switzerland; Matthias Odenbreit, MNS, EdN, RN, is the Project Director, of SoH Spital Solothurn, Solothurn, Switzerland; and Theo van Achterberg, PhD, MSc, RN, is a Professor at the Nursing Science, Centre for Quality of Care Research, University Medical Center, St. Radboud, The Netherlands.

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