Men still constitute a small minority of the nursing population. Although the literature has identified barriers that deter men from entering the profession, nursing schools and other stakeholders have been conservative in their efforts to recruit men. With the changes taking place in the healthcare system, nursing education programs are attracting fewer students. Active recruitment of young men may be a means of addressing nursing shortages. If nursing is to survive in the 21st century, affirmative action is needed to close the gender gap.