Evidence-based practice (EBP) has become a real buzz word, not only in the discipline of nursing, but in all healthcare professions. EBP has been identified as the foundation of accountable, professional nursing practice and it would seem that few could argue with the apparent benefits; however, debate does exist in the literature about whether EBP can realistically be attained. As such, a critical discourse regarding the future of EBP for nursing needs to occur. One of the key questions to be addressed through this discourse is, “what counts as evidence?” A review of the nursing literature on the concept of EBP will be presented in this paper along with a discussion of several of the issues associated with EBP within the discipline of nursing. I will also present some ideas about the implications of the EBP movement in nursing and examine the future pathways for nursing.