Wellness in Older Adults: A Concept Analysis
Version of Record online: 6 FEB 2012
© 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Volume 47, Issue 1, pages 39–51, January-March 2012
How to Cite
McMahon, S. and Fleury, J. (2012), Wellness in Older Adults: A Concept Analysis. Nursing Forum, 47: 39–51. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-6198.2011.00254.x
- Issue online: 6 FEB 2012
- Version of Record online: 6 FEB 2012
- older adults
PURPOSE. The purpose of this analysis is to examine the concept of wellness within the context of older adulthood. Identifying characteristics of wellness will clarify and develop conceptual strengths and limitations, providing a step toward evaluating its relevance in older adults and increasing utility in geriatric nursing.
ORGANIZING FRAMEWORK. Rodger's evolutionary perspective.
METHODS. Computer and manual searches were conducted of articles in the English language from 1950 to 2010, addressing wellness across the life span or among older adult populations. An inductive analysis of articles produced descriptive themes.
FINDINGS. A historical time line traced the evolution of the wellness concept and its operationalization. Wellness has evolved from a little used concept to one commonly applied across many industries. Antecedents, attributes, and consequences of wellness are described. Concepts related to wellness are also identified.
CONCLUSIONS. This concept analysis adds clarity to wellness in older adults. The state of wellness development as a concept in geriatric nursing is moving from conceptualization to use and testing in nursing theory and interventions. Increased knowledge of wellness will enable geriatric nurses to discover the strengths of older adults thereby promoting their ongoing growth and development while simultaneously guiding care for their changing and diverse health.