The author wishes to thank A. Ashour, V. Baba, R. Crawford and P. Frost for their helpful comments on an earlier draft of this paper.
SHIFT WORK RELATED TO JOB ATTITUDES, SOCIAL PARTICIPATION AND WITHDRAWAL BEHAVIOR: A STUDY OF NURSES AND INDUSTRIAL WORKERS1
Article first published online: 7 DEC 2006
Volume 34, Issue 3, pages 535–547, September 1981
How to Cite
JAMAL, M. (1981), SHIFT WORK RELATED TO JOB ATTITUDES, SOCIAL PARTICIPATION AND WITHDRAWAL BEHAVIOR: A STUDY OF NURSES AND INDUSTRIAL WORKERS. Personnel Psychology, 34: 535–547. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-6570.1981.tb00494.x
- Issue published online: 7 DEC 2006
- Article first published online: 7 DEC 2006
The present study investigates the relationship between shift schedules and mental health, job satisfaction, social participation, organizational commitment, anticipated turnover, absenteeism and tardiness among nurses (N=440) in two hospitals and among rank-and-file workers (N=383) in a manufacturing organization. Results are generally supportive of the model which projected that workers on fixed work schedules (high routine-oriented) would be better off than workers on rotating work schedules (low routine-oriented) in terms of mental health, job satisfaction, organizational commitment and social participation. In addition, workers on fixed shift schedules are found to be lower on anticipated turnover, absenteeism and tardiness than workers on rotating shift schedules. Six potential moderators: age, marital status, place of socialization, cultural background, seniority and respondent's sex, were measured and their association with these relationships analyzed. Results are discussed in the light of the previous empirical evidence.