I wish to thank Cindy Stevens, Jeff Edwards, Ben Schneider, Katherine Klein, Stan Gully, Suzanne Masterson and especially Ken Brown for their substantive comments and moral support. Thanks also to three anonymous reviewers whose comments were as helpful as they were challenging.
PERSON-ORGANIZATION FIT: AN INTEGRATIVE REVIEW OF ITS CONCEPTUALIZATIONS, MEASUREMENT, AND IMPLICATIONS
Article first published online: 7 DEC 2006
Volume 49, Issue 1, pages 1–49, March 1996
How to Cite
KRISTOF, A. L. (1996), PERSON-ORGANIZATION FIT: AN INTEGRATIVE REVIEW OF ITS CONCEPTUALIZATIONS, MEASUREMENT, AND IMPLICATIONS. Personnel Psychology, 49: 1–49. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-6570.1996.tb01790.x
- Issue published online: 7 DEC 2006
- Article first published online: 7 DEC 2006
This article presents a comprehensive definition and conceptual model of person-organization fit that incorporates supplementary as well as complementary perspectives on fit. To increase the precision of the construct's definition, it is also distinguished from other forms of environmental compatibility, silch as person-group and person-vocation fit. Once defined, commensurate measurement as it relates to supplementary and complementary fit is discussed and recommendations are offered regarding the necessity of its use. A distinction is made between the direct measurement of perceived fit and the indirect measurement of actual person-organization fit, using both cross- and individual-level techniques, and the debate regarding differences scores is reviewed. These definitional and measurement issues frame a review of the existing literature, as well as provide the basis for specific research propositions and suggestions for managerial applications.