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HIGHER-ORDER DIMENSIONS OF THE BIG FIVE PERSONALITY TRAITS AND THE BIG SIX VOCATIONAL INTEREST TYPES

Authors


  • The authors would like to thank Paul Muchinsky, Robert Hogan, and John Holland for helpful comments on an earlier version of this manuscript.

  • Paul Sackett served as guest editor for this article.

and requests for reprints should be addressed to Michael K. Mount, University of Iowa, Henry B. Tippie College of Business, Iowa City, Iowa 52244-1000, 319-335-0953; michael-mount@uiowa.edu.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to identify higher-order dimensions that explain the relationships among the Big 6 interest types and the Big 5 personality traits. Meta-analyses were conducted to identify an 11 × 11 true score correlation matrix of interest and personality attributes. Cluster analysis and nonmetric multidimensional scaling were used to identify 3 dimensions that explained relations among the 11 attributes: (a) Interests versus Personality Traits; (b) Striving for Accomplishment Versus Striving for Personal Growth, and (c) Interacting with People Versus Interacting with Things. Overall, results clarified the relationships among interests and personality traits by showing that 3 rather than 2 dimensions best explain the relationships among interests and personality traits.

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