This research was supported by Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada Grants 410-2003-1835, and a University of Calgary Research Services Travel Grant.
A META-ANALYSIS OF THE ANTECEDENTS AND CONSEQUENCES OF WORKPLACE SEXUAL HARASSMENT
Article first published online: 22 FEB 2007
Volume 60, Issue 1, pages 127–162, Spring 2007
How to Cite
WILLNESS, C. R., STEEL, P. and LEE, K. (2007), A META-ANALYSIS OF THE ANTECEDENTS AND CONSEQUENCES OF WORKPLACE SEXUAL HARASSMENT. Personnel Psychology, 60: 127–162. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-6570.2007.00067.x
We thank Derek Chapman and Laurie Milton for their comments on drafts of this article. We also thank Candace Low, Rhiannon MacDonnell, and Ross Willness for their assistance to this project. A version of this article was presented at the Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Los Angeles, CA, April, 2005.
- Issue published online: 22 FEB 2007
- Article first published online: 22 FEB 2007
Sexual harassment (SH) has been identified as one of the most damaging and ubiquitous barriers to career success and satisfaction for women. This study meta-analyzed data from 41 studies, with a total sample size of nearly 70,000 respondents, to examine several negative consequences of workplace SH as well as how situational factors may play a role in facilitating these occurrences. SH experiences are associated with negative outcomes such as decreased job satisfaction, lower organizational commitment, withdrawing from work, ill physical and mental health, and even symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder. In addition, organizational climate for SH figured prominently in facilitating these occurrences.