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MECHANISMS LINKING REALISTIC JOB PREVIEWS WITH TURNOVER: A META-ANALYTIC PATH ANALYSIS

Authors


  • The authors thank Jean Phillips, Charles Pierce, and the two anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments on earlier drafts of this article.

David Earnest, Department of Psychology, Towson University, 8000 York Road, Towson, MD 21252; dearnest@towson.edu.

Abstract

A meta-analytic path analysis with k = 52 studies and sample size of roughly 17,000 showed that enhanced perceptions of organizational honesty is the primary mechanism by which realistic job previews (RJPs) influence voluntary turnover. This suggests revisions to RJP theory to incorporate social exchange and the way RJPs lead individuals to feel about the organization. Results assessing several new potential moderators of relationships between RJPs and turnover found that the most effective RJP design may be an oral or written RJP delivered posthire and designed to signal organizational honesty. We discuss several key theoretical and practical implications of the results based on a novel signaling theory perspective on RJPs.

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