Members Matter in Team Training: Multilevel and Longitudinal Relationships Between Goal Orientation, Self-Regulation, and Team Outcomes


  • We thank James Belohlav for his assistance with data collection. An earlier version of this manuscript was presented at the 71st Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, San Antonio, TX.

Erich C. Dierdorff, Driehaus College of Business, Department of Management, DePaul University, 1 East Jackson Boulevard, Chicago, IL 60604-2287;


Longitudinal data from 338 individuals across 64 teams in a simulation-based team-training context were used to examine the effects of dispositional goal orientation on self-regulated learning (self-efficacy and metacognition). Team goal orientation compositions, as reflected by average goal orientations of team members, were examined for moderating effects on these individual-level relationships. Finally, individual-level self-regulation was investigated for its influence on multiple team-level outcomes across time. Results showed generally positive effects of learning goal orientation and negative effects of avoid performance and prove performance goal orientations on rates of self-regulation during team training. However, several of these individual-level relationships were moderated by team goal orientation composition. The importance of self-regulation in teams was displayed by results showing the average level of self-regulation among a team's members over time was positively associated with team efficacy, team cooperation quality, and team decision making.