THE EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE AND HUMIDITY ON THE RATE OF DEVELOPMENT AND MORTALITY OF TRIBOLIUM CASTANEUM (HERBST) (COLEOPTERA, TENEBRIONIDAE)
Article first published online: 26 FEB 2008
Annals of Applied Biology
Volume 44, Issue 2, pages 356–368, June 1956
How to Cite
HOWE, R. W. (1956), THE EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE AND HUMIDITY ON THE RATE OF DEVELOPMENT AND MORTALITY OF TRIBOLIUM CASTANEUM (HERBST) (COLEOPTERA, TENEBRIONIDAE). Annals of Applied Biology, 44: 356–368. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-7348.1956.tb02128.x
- Issue published online: 26 FEB 2008
- Article first published online: 26 FEB 2008
- Received 17 December 1955
The speed of development and the developmental mortality of Tribolium castaneum were studied over a series of temperatures between 15 and 40°C. at 10, 30, 70 and 90% R.H. using wheatfeed as food.
Eggs did not hatch at any humidity at 17·5°C. or less, nor at 10% R.H. at 40°C. At all other conditions about 80% of eggs hatched. Humidity does not affect the duration of the egg period. The effect of temperature on the egg period is shown graphically, the shortest period occurring at 37·5°C.
Larvae fail to develop into normal adults at 20°C. and also fail at 90 and 30% R.H. at 40°C. At 20°C. and 70% R.H. pupae may be formed but they do not become normal adults. The rate of larval development is affected by both temperature and humidity. Development is quickest at the highest humidity used at any temperature and at 35°C. for each humidity. Larval mortality is less than 20% except at 40°C. and at combinations of low humidity and low temperature. The results correspond with published results using similar foodstuffs.
Groundnuts were used as a food in a series of experiments at 30°C. and another series at 70% R.H. Larvae on this food were much more susceptible to the effects of humidity and were unable to develop at 20 or 40°C. at 70% R.H. In all conditions development was slower and mortality higher than on wheatfeed.
The pupal period is not affected by humidity and is shortest at 37·5°C.
The conditions in which Park found that cultures of T. castaneum became extinct, 24°C. and 30% R.H., lie inside the zone in which development is possible. The possible causes for this discrepancy are discussed.