• Moorland management;
  • predictive model;
  • rhizome;
  • herbicide;
  • carbohydrate


This paper investigates the effects of a single asulam application, sprayed from the air, on the rhizome biomass, bud density, fronds and carbohydrate reserves of bracken (Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn) using a time sequence approach. Regression models were used to investigate how these characteristics varied with time after spraying, and were used, where appropriate, to calculate the time taken for full recovery after treatment. Frond density and biomass recovered in approximately eight years, bud numbers in seven, but rhizome biomass and total carbohydrate reserves required 10 to 12 years to recover. The consequences of these results are compared with predictions from a computer model and discussed in relation to the best timing of re-treatment and the management needed for long term control.