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Keywords:

  • Pestalotiopsis theae;
  • Camellia sinensis;
  • cross reactive antigens;
  • ELISA;
  • fluorescence antibody staining

Summary

Among the 12 varieties of tea tested against three isolates of Pestalotiopsis theae, causal agent of grey blight disease, Teen Ali-17/1/54 and TV-23 were found to be highly susceptible while CP-1 and TV-26 were resistant under identical conditions. Leaf antigens were prepared from all the tea varieties, three isolates of P. theae and a non-pathogen of tea (Bipolaris tetramera). Polyclonal antisera were raised against mycelial suspensions of P. theae (isolate Pt-2) and leaf antigens of Teen Ali-17/1/54 and CP-1. These were compared an immunodiffusion test and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to detect cross reactive antigens (CRA) shared the host and the parasite. CRA were found among the susceptible varieties and isolates of P. theae (Pt-1, 2 and 3). Such antigens were not detected between isolates of P. theae and resistant varieties, B. tetramera and tea varieties or isolates of P. theae. Indirect staining of antibodies using fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) indicated that in cross sections of tea leaves, the CRA was concentrated in the epidermal cells and mesophyll tissues. CRA was present in the young hyphal tips of the mycelia and on the setulae and appendages of the conidia of P. theae.