• Escarole mosaic virus;
  • EMV;
  • escarole;
  • new virus


A new virus associated with mosaic, yellowing and necrotic symptoms in escarole has been isolated recently in southern Italy. The virus, for which the name escarole mosaic virus (EMV) is proposed, was transmissible by mechanical methods, by seeds and probably by pollen but not by Acyrthosiphon pisum, Aphis gossypii, Myzus persicae, Trialeurodes vaporariorum or Frankliniella occidentalis. The virions showed a single coat protein of about 32 kDa and eight encapsidated RNA species. Viral preparations sedimented as four components in sucrose density gradients. Electron microscopy indicated the presence of spherical particles with a diameter of 25 nm. Ultrastructural investigations on infected tissues revealed the formation of atypical inclusion bodies.